The Alabama Department of Corrections (ADOC) was established in 1841. It is the oldest corrections agency in the South and one of the oldest in the United States. The ADOC currently operates 29 prisons, including four private ones, and is responsible for the supervision of over 24,000 inmates. The department also houses and supervises about 130,000 probationers and parolees.
In addition to incarcerating individuals convicted of crimes, the ADOC provides a wide range of services to offenders during their period of incarceration, including substance abuse programs, mental health services, educational opportunities and vocational training. The ADOC also has a range of support services available outside prison walls that aim to reduce recidivism rates and help those released from prison reintegrate into society successfully. These include housing assistance, job placement services and support networks for former inmates.
The ADOC has seen major changes over the years in terms of its service delivery model as well as its approach towards managing prisoners, but it remains committed to providing safe and secure environments for inmates while also helping them become productive members of society upon release.