The Florida Department of Corrections is a state-run organization responsible for the supervision and management of correctional facilities in Florida. It is the third largest department in the state and plays an integral role in providing rehabilitative services to those incarcerated. This article will explore the history, structure, and mission of the Florida Department of Corrections.
The history of the Florida Department of Corrections dates back to 1821 when it was first established as a county-operated system with control over all correctional facilities within its jurisdiction. Over time, the responsibilities of this department evolved to include not only incarceration but also parole, probation, and community corrections programs. In 1989, it was reorganized as a state-run agency with responsibility for all correctional institutions in the state.
Today, the Florida Department of Corrections operates 140 correctional institutions across 63 counties with a staff size exceeding 25,000 employees. The mission of this organization is to provide public safety by managing offenders through safe, secure facilities while administering programs designed to reduce recidivism and promote successful reentry into society. This article will discuss each element that contributes to making the Florida Department of Corrections an effective organization within its jurisdiction.